Frequently Asked Questions - Guide
The GUIDE can serve as a practical tool to answer your questions and direct your choices.
Psychotherapy/psychoanalysis is a non-medical health related profession which aims at treating persons psychological, psychosomatic, emotional or behavioral difficulties, in an original and specific way.
Nonetheless, in some cases, the work of a team of professionals is necessary. The psychological approach should be complemented by medical, psychiatric, social, or educational work as well as speech or motor skills therapy.
Psychotherapy/psychoanalysis has a preventive role; it helps to better handle stress and anxiety, as well as preventing addiction issues, sexual difficulties, etc.
It has a curative role, based on the listening and therapeutic method of the psychotherapist/psychoanalyst, which allows the person in crisis to better realize the meaning and the origin of his/her suffering, and helps him/her find vitality.
It also has a dynamic role, because it facilitates the harmony and the integration of the person by proposing a personal process aiming at improving self-knowledge and resolving alienating problematic.
● The psychiatrist is a medical doctor who prescribes medication to treat mental illnesses.
● The psychologist is etymologically defined as someone who knows psychology. He has a global vision of psychological theories and objective knowledge. A psychologist is not a therapist but a consultant.
Some are specialized in clinical, institutional or educational psychology. Their work consists of administering tests and contributing to the establishment of a diagnosis. Therefore, they usually work within a team in a specialized institution or a school. In private settings, they can administer tests to present assessments at the request of an institution or a doctor.
● The psychotherapist practices psychotherapy. This is a health related specialization for the care of the psyche. Depending on the school of thought, the psychotherapist refers to different active techniques without the prescription of medication. He/she could be a specialist in group or individual work. His/her role is clinical. However, some psychotherapists unite research to practice.
● The psychoanalyst is a specialist in the analysis of the subconscious, essentially in its relation to the patient's childhood. This technique lasts longer than other therapies because it does not aim at curing the symptom directly like in other psychotherapies, but aims instead at expanding consciousness.
Finally, it should be noted that being a Doctor in psychology or a researcher or a medical doctor, does not automatically mean that practicing in a private cabinet is permitted. In addition to academic achievements, a personal therapy/analysis is mandatory, as well as adequate training.
It is your right to inform yourself about the person you might be dealing with when it is necessary. The international chart of the World Council for Psychotherapy (WCP) states: the right of any person in psychotherapy is to know the method(s) employed by the psychotherapist, as well as his qualifications, his training and professional affiliation.
● (Individual or group therapy)
● Bio-energetic therapy
● Psycho-organic therapy
● Transactional analysis
● Emotion-centered approach
● Person-centered approach
● Primal scream
● Gestalt therapy
● Psychoanalysis (Freudian, Jungian, Lacanian, etc.)
● Art related therapy (theatre therapy, dance therapy, art therapy, music therapy, etc.)
● Cognitive-behavioral therapy
● Story-telling therapy
● Children therapy
● Motivation therapy
● Psychoanalytical therapy
● Reichan therapy
● Therapeutic soxology
● Systemic family therapy
● Couple therapy
Every therapeutic school possesses its own concept and its own methods which differentiates it from other schools. This allows the person wishing to consult a therapist to take advantage of a wide variety of choices, constituting the richness of the world of psychotherapy/psychoanalysis.
The therapeutic frame is constitutioned by the place, the material conditions, the utilized methods and the ethical rules established in a preliminary contract with the patient. This frame provides security and assures authenticity as well as efficacy in the patient's treatment. It is a structure-forming necessity that allows the patient to freely associate, project and externalize fantasies, express emotions, mainly to be contained within his pain. Thus, the frame represents a guarantee of the proper evolution towards recovery and towards the autonomy of the patient, by helping him take his/her life in charge.
Outside of this frame, there is a risk of subjectivity, and of an ongoing alienation with therapy or with the therapist. The frame is a guarantee of confidentiality, to which every patient is entitled.
Any therapeutic engagement, regardless of the utilized method, has the ultimate goal of relieving psychological and somatic pains, and assuring the wellness of the patient. It liberates and stimulates the process of personal development, re-adjusts psychological defenses, renders them conscious, facilitates self-acceptance within lacks and limits, develops self-esteem and the sense of reality.
Psychotherapy/psychoanalysis cannot be successful without:
● A sincere engagement in the therapeutic process on behalf of the patient.
● Perseverance in therapy despite the negative and unstable periods.
● The competence and the proper discrimination of the psychotherapist/psychoanalyst.
● The psychotherapist/psychoanalyst's ethics within the therapeutic frame.
● Utilized methods that are more or less adapted to each patient.
● The collaboration of certain professionals to complete the psychological care.
The limits of psychotherapy/psychoanalysis are imposed by its competences and its objectives. Psychotherapy/psychoanalysis does not have medical competences (prescription of medication), nor educational competences (educational advice, teaching, etc.).
Therefore, certain psychotherapies/psychoanalyses can efficient and others not, in the case where a patient needs to be taken under medical or educational care. In certain cases, they can make the patient's situation worse.
This is where the wisdom and discrimination of the psychotherapist/psychoanalyst can play a role to make the proper judgment regarding therapeutic choice.
The cost depends. The prices given by those who practice in Lebanon fluctuates between 75 000 and 150 000 LL per session. They can be higher or lower depending on the contract established between the psychotherapist/psychoanalyst and the patient. Depending on the methods, therapy can last from 3 months up to 10 years.